The main function of carbohydrates is to provide us with energy. Complex carbohydrates contain fiber, which supports gut health and helps us manage our weight and reduce cholesterol. The two types of fiber, soluble and insoluble, slow the absorption of sugar into the bloodstream and help us avoid spikes, which allows us to maintain more consistent blood glucose levels.
Soluble fiber slows digestion by increasing digestive transit time, while insoluble fiber adds bulk to stool to support digestive regularity. Carbohydrates are broken down into simple sugars during digestion and absorbed into the bloodstream as glucose. Insulin then allows the glucose to enter the cells as a source of energy. Depending on your body’s needs, any unused glucose is stored in the liver or converted to fat for later use.
Simple carbohydrates are small compounds broken down quickly, providing a quick burst of energy when consumed.
Complex carbohydrates include starches and fiber.
All carbohydrates are eventually broken down into glucose to be absorbed and used either for energy readily or to be stored for when energy is needed.
Yay for carbs!!